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Grade 2 Mathematics

This course builds on the grade 1 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number sense and numeration, measurement, geometry and spatial sense, patterning and algebra, and data management and probability. Students work with numbers up to 100 representing money amounts, investigating fractions, and establishing a basic understanding of multiplication and division. Students begin exploring measurement with centimetres and metres, measure perimeter, area, mass and capacity in non-standard units, acquire an understanding of temperature, and build on their skills to tell time. Students develop an understanding of geometric properties, continuing to work with two- and three-dimensional shapes, locate a line of symmetry, and describe relative locations and paths of motion. Students identify and describe patterns, build on an understanding of equality using addition and subtraction, and develop strategies to facilitate computation. Students collect, organize, read, and display data using various graphs, and describe probability. Throughout the course, students reinforce the mathematical processes of problem-solving, reasoning, proving, reflecting, selecting tools and computational strategies, and connecting, representing, and communicating at a developing level. Through investigation of real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. This course prepares students for grade 3 mathematics. The course relies on the assistance of a learning coach to support young students through the content.

Full Grade 2 Mathematics Course Outline

Course Code: MAT2
Curriculum Policy Document: The Ontario Curriculum Grades 1-8: Mathematics, 2005 (revised)
Department: Primary
Course Developer: Virtual Elementary School
Development Date: 2019


Students show, compare, and order numbers up to 100. Students count by 1s, 2s, 5s, 10s, and 25s up to 200 and count back by 1s and 10s. Students also read and write numbers up to 20.

Patterns and Equality

Students identify, describe, and create growing, shrinking, and repeating patterns. Students also find patterns in addition and subtraction equations and explore equality.

Addition and Subtraction

Students learn about composing and decomposing numbers and rounding numbers to the nearest ten. Students also solve addition and subtraction problems using mental strategies, math tools, and vertical equations.


Students collect, organize, and read data, create graphs, and ask and answer questions about data. Students also explore and describe probability with experiments.

Fractions, Multiplication, and Division

Students investigate fractions, multiplication and division. Students analyse the relationship between a whole and the size of its parts, compare fractions, and make a whole. Students also develop an understanding of multiplication and division with equal groups.


Students go on a pirate adventure to identify, describe, sort, and build two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes. Students also describe locations and draw a map.


Students count and work with money. Students also add and subtract with money.


In this unit, students measure height, length, and width using centimetres and metres. Students also describe temperature, tell and measure time, estimate, measure, and record capacity and mass, and estimate, measure, and record area.

The Final Grade (Courses with Qualified Teacher)

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. There is no final assessment, such as an exam, in this course.