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This course builds on the Grade 4 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental scientific and technological concepts by exploring topics related to life systems, structures, mechanisms, matter, energy, Earth’s systems, and space systems. Students will learn how science and technology relate to society and the environment. They will start to understand the basic concepts of science and technology while developing the skills, strategies, and habits of mind required for scientific inquiry and technological problem-solving.
As part of life systems, students will explore how the choices they make about their bodies may have lifelong effects. This helps students understand that the body is made up of a number of organs and that these organs are parts of systems that can be affected by a variety of factors. Students will learn the location, structure, and function of each major organ in the respiratory, circulatory, and digestive systems. Students will also develop an understanding of the importance of proper nutrition and exercise to the healthy functioning of organ systems.
For structures and mechanisms, students will identify and describe forces acting on and within structures. As they measure and compare external forces (natural or human) acting on structures and their effects on different materials, they will develop their understanding of force and the ways in which structures respond to forces. Students will begin to apply their learning by designing and building structures and mechanisms.
Students will also study the environmental impact of the production, use, and disposal of different materials. Students will also learn about commonly found states of matter (solids, liquids, and gases) and the characteristics of each. They will also explore changes of state and investigate the difference between physical changes and chemical changes. The use of heat to affect changes in matter will be relevant to the final unit on Earth and space.
Finally, students will explore Earth and space by learning about the conservation of energy and the use of renewable or alternative sources of energy. They will discover how energy consumption and production are important factors in maintaining our present standard of living and ensuring adequate energy supplies for future generations. Students will also learn to recognize the immediate and long-term impacts and costs associated with every choice.
Course Code: SCI5
Curriculum Policy Document: The Ontario Curriculum: Grades 1-8 Science and Technology
Course Developer: Virtual Elementary School
Development Date: 2020
In this unit, students will learn how organ systems are components of a larger system (the body) and, as such, work together and affect one another. They will learn that organ structures are linked to their functions and that systems in the human body work together to meet our basic needs. They will also start to understand that the choices we make affect our organ systems and, in turn, our overall health.
In this unit, students will learn how structures and mechanisms throughout our environment have forces that act on and within them. They will learn that we can measure forces in order to determine how they affect structures and mechanisms and use this information to guide the design of new structures and mechanisms. They will also start to understand that forces that result from natural phenomena have an effect on society and the environment.
In this unit, students will learn that there are three states of matter and how matter that changes state is still the same matter. They will learn that physical change refers to the fact that a substance can be changed from one form to another and that chemical change implies the formation of a new substance. They will also start to understand that the properties of materials determine their use and may have an effect on society and the environment.
In this unit, students will learn that energy sources are either renewable or non-renewable and that although energy can neither be created nor destroyed, it can be transformed. They will learn that choices about using energy and resources have both immediate and long-term impacts. They will also start to understand that conservation (reducing our use of energy and resources) is one way to reduce the impacts of energy and resource use.
Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. Students are not required to write a final exam in this course.