Grade 1 Mathematics

Grade 2 Science and Technology

In Grade 2 Science and Technology, our students continue to explore science by investigating the wildlife and materials around them. They will learn about the growth and changes that happen in animals while focusing on similarities and differences between them. Students will investigate moving things and learn about spatial relationships and properties of materials. Students will dive into the characteristics and forms of water and air and discover what they can do to maintain the cleanliness of the water and air around them. This course is designed to be 50-75 instructional hours.

Curriculum Information: Science and Technology (2022)

Developed by: D2L

Development Date: 2021 (Revised 2022)

Please note that elementary courses do not have prerequisites, and Ontario schools do not issue transcript credits at the elementary level. All courses are available in the facilitated and independent pathways.



Note: The new Science and Technology curriculum includes a coding component. As we develop these resources, the coding lessons will be integrated into the lessons after students begin. However, as the coding content requires the knowledge and skills learned in the other units, students will complete the current content first, and will be prepared when the coding content is implemented.

STEM Skills and Connections

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) skills and connections are integrated into all units in the course. Through scientific research, experimentation, and engineering design processes, students will conduct investigations, design solutions to problems, and communicate findings while discovering practical applications that pertain to science and technology. Students will make practical connections between the knowledge students gain and real-world issues in science and technology. Students will also analyse the contributions made by First Nations, Metis, and Inuit communities as their knowledge has led to the creation of Indigenous scientific and technical systems.

Growth and Changes in Animals

In the Growth and Changes in Animals unit, students will learn about animals. They will investigate how animals are the same and how they are different. They will learn that animals grow and change and will discover that different animals have different characteristics. Furthermore, they will identify how animals use their different characteristics to meet their needs. They will also assess how animals interact with their environment and with humans. In addition, students will investigate how human behaviours and actions have an impact on animals and the places where animals live.


In the Movement unit, students will learn about movement. They will investigate simple machines and explore how they can help make difficult tasks easier. Specifically, they will learn how simple machines are used in everyday situations to move things more easily. Students will also create a device that uses a simple machine to move an object.

Properties of Liquids and Solids

In the Properties of Liquids and Solids unit, students will learn ways to describe solids and liquids using their senses. They will explore how to describe the properties of liquids ad solids, and will investigate how liquids and solids behave and interact with each other. They will look at how liquids and solids mix together, why some things float and other sink, and which materials soak up liquids and why. Students will also assess the ways that liquids and solids are used and the impacts these uses have on society and the environment.

Air and Water in the Environment

In the Air and Water in the Environment unit, students will learn about air and water. They will explore the properties of air and water and how those properties are useful. They will learn how plants and animals, including humans, depend on air and water to survive. They will also investigate their own water use and plan a way to reduce their water consumption. Additionally, they will investigate the water cycle and learn how water behaves on Earth. Students will then explore how human behaviour impacts the air and water on Earth. Finally, they will brainstorm ideas and develop a plan to help keep the air and water in their community clean.

This course is entirely online and does not require nor rely on any textbook. Students will require the following resources:

  • A scanner, smartphone camera, or similar device to digitize handwritten or hand-drawn work
  • A device to record audio
  • A printer
  • A physical binder, folder, or notebook for offline activities
  • Various household items to complete offline activities
  • Masking tape, craft sticks, paper towel

Through a balance of hands-on activities and direct instruction, students develop a strong foundation of scientific concepts and develop inquiry, problem-solving, critical, creative thinking, and communication skills. The course utilizes a combination of technology and offline activities, providing opportunities to develop an understanding of skills and concepts in interactive and concrete ways and engage multiple learning styles. The lessons feature a variety of intriguing storylines, characters, videos, storybooks, and interactive games to reinforce students’ learning. These activities also build a foundation of scientific investigation, exploration, observation, and experimentation that students will use throughout the elementary grades.

The course relies on the assistance of a teacher to support young students with moving through the content. The teacher will be involved in facilitating technical aspects of the course (e.g. printing and scanning printable activities) and participating in discussion-based activities to assist students in developing communication skills.

Have a question about Grade 2 Science and Technology? Contact us!